Advanced Plant Habitat (APH)
The Advanced Plant Habitat (APH) was designed by SNC and NASA engineers. It is intended for plant research.
“The Advanced Plant Habitat (APH) … is a growth chamber on station for plant research. It uses LED lights and a porous clay substrate with controlled release fertilizer to deliver water, nutrients and oxygen to the plant roots. … It is enclosed and automated with cameras and more than 180 sensors that are in constant interactive contact with a team on the ground at Kennedy, so it doesn’t need much day-to-day care from the crew. Its water recovery and distribution, atmosphere content, moisture levels and temperature are all automated.” It has red, green, and blue, white, far red and infrared to allow for a broad range of imaging. “APH had its first test run on the space station in Spring 2018 using Arabidopsis thaliana. … Dr. Norman Lewis is the principal investigator for the Arabidopsis Gravitational Response Omics (Arabidopsis-GRO) consortium study, which will be the first study using APH.” (NASA, Growing Plants In Space)
Portable Astroculture Chamber (PASC)
The Portable Astroculture Chamber (PASC) was designed for plant research.
VEGGIE is utilized to grow small amounts of produce on Space Station. Two chambers are currently on ISS. VEGGIE was built by the Orbitec division of the Sierra Nevada Corporation.
The Astro Garden is plant growth chamber designed to grow a larger volume of food than VEGGIE. It is being developed by Sierra Nevada Corporation (Orbitec division).
- Lettuce, Chinese cabbage and mizuna grown and consumed to date
- Zinnia grown as ornamental plant
European Modular Cultivation System (EMCS)
The European Modular Cultivation System (EMCS) is designed for studying root ans sprout growth.
- Ciris, “European Modular Cultivation System“. “the facility harbored an incubator and two spinning rotors. The rotors carried exchangeable Experiment Containers (EC) housing the actual experiment in experiment-specific hardware.”
- ESA, “European Modular Cultivation System“.
- “The EMCS facility contains an incubator with two slowly rotating rotors.”
- “The rotors provide dedicated life support (including temperature, humidity, O2 and CO2) and water supply systems to the ECs, as well as illumination (white and infrared) and observation capabilities.”
- Astrobotany.com, “European Modular Cultivation System.”
Russia Lada plant chamber
- ABRS (Advanced Biological Research System)
- BRIC (Biological Research in Canisters) used for both plants and other organisms.
- CPBF (Commercial Plant Biotechnology Facility)
Advanced Astroculture (ADVASC) – NASA
Sustainspace Orbital Genomics 1U plant chamber